GENGIVITIS AND PERIODONTITIS
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A COMMON DISEASE
Approximately 40% of adults suffer from periodontal disease. The disease developsslowly and often without causing pain or visible signs. Healthy gums look compact and are a pale pink; the gingival tissue covers the bone and fits firmly onto the tooth like a collar; gums do not bleed when brushing.
A transparent film, the bacterial plaque, forms around teeth after the intake of food or drink. The plaque deposits between teeth and along the gingival line if a thorough oral hygiene is not performed. When plaque accumulates in these areas, it causes gingivitis, an inflammation of the gums.
Inflamed gingival tissue is often characterized by swelling and bleeding. If the plaque is not removed, it grows and deposits onto the gums. The plaque hardens on the surface of the tooth thanks to the calcium ion deposition and becomes tartar, an uneven surface that bacteria adhere to more easily. As the bone support decomposes gradually the tooth loses its hold. Gum inflammation can evolve into periodontitis…a slow process that often goes unnoticed and can lead to the loss of teeth.
Periodontal Disease can be prevented through a proper oral hygiene. Brush your teeth twice a day; once a day clean between teeth with dental floss, dental sticks or mini flossers. The use of mouthwash is an important tool to avoid periodontal disease. Ask your dentist or oral hygienist personalized advice for a correct oral hygiene.